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Kinmen Military & Residential Cooperation to Eliminate Poisonous Weeds

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金門軍民總動員撲滅毒草

The notorious(1) "international poisonous(2) weeds" that blossom like Gypsophila paniculata,(3) Parthenium hysterophorus Linn(4) and Ambrosia artemisiifolia,(5) have been invading Kinmen in recent years, causing a huge impact on local plants and the eco system. They also trigger allergic(6) reactions in humans. Magistrate Li Zhu Feng called on military and civilian cooperation in the elimination of the poisonous weeds in the "Conference on the Propagation(7) of the Eliminating (8)Works of Parthenium hysterophorus Linn and Ambrosia artemisiifolia", to eradicate(9) future disturbances(10) from the weed and to protect public health and national security.
開花類似滿天星、有「國際大毒草」之稱的銀膠菊及豬草近年來入侵金門,嚴重衝擊本土植物生態,也易引發人類的過敏症。金門縣長李炷烽在召開「推動豬草、銀膠菊剷除工作協調會」中,呼籲軍民全體總動員,大家共同撲滅毒草,永除後患,捍衛全民健康與家園的安全。

Economic Affairs Bureau of Kinmen County pointed out that Parthenium hysterophorus Linn is a type of alien(11) plant. Professor Lu Xue Cheng from National Chung Hsing University inferred(12) that the invasion(13) of this plant could be traced back to the garrison(14) in Kinmen in early years when large amounts of grains imported from the Americas. Currently, this plant has seriously endangered the living space of local plants. Its stems and pollen(15) are jeopardizing(16) human health. It is on the list of serious invading(17) plants.
縣府建設局指出,銀膠菊為外來植物,至於何時入侵金門,據中興大學呂學誠教授推測可能跟早期金門駐軍,自美洲大量進口雜精穀物夾帶入金門有關,目前已嚴重危害到本地原生植物生存空間,其植株和花粉威脅人體健康,已被列入最嚴重侵佔性植物。

  Director of Environmental Protection Bureau, Zhang Guo Tu, implied that the flower of Parthenium hysterophorus Linn is white and poisonous, and it resembles(18) Gypsophila paniculata when it blossoms. The flowers may look very beautiful but they are dangerous. They can cause serious consequences if kids pluck(19) them out of curiosity. It should be totally eliminated to avoid problems in the future. Before eliminating the weed, it is best to wear a mask, gloves, and other safety gear or equipment.
  環保局長張國土表示,銀膠菊開白色花,具有毒性,開花時有點類似滿天星,一整片花海看起來是很漂亮,但卻十分恐怖,小朋友若好奇摘來把玩,後果不堪設想,應該全面性展開去除,以免後患無窮。剷除前最好戴上口罩與手套等裝備,以策安全。

 Director of Public Health Bureau, Chen Tian Shun, pointed out that among all the allergy cases of Kinmen residents, around 80% of the cases were triggered(20) by Ambrosia artemisiifolia. Ambrosia artemisiifolia blossoms in July and August each year with the average of a million pollen on each stem every day, having the highest pollen count among all the plants causing poll enosis.(21) Symptoms of poll enosis include the itchiness of eyes, sneezing, running nose, etc. It not only triggers allergic rhinitis,(22) but also onset asthma.(23)
  衛生局長陳天順說,金門地區過敏病人中,有近8成是豬草過敏引起,豬草之花期是每年7至8月,平均一棵每天有一百萬粒花粉,是引起花粉熱植物中的花粉數量最多之一,會產生眼睛癢、打噴嚏、流鼻水等症狀,不僅會引發過敏性鼻炎、也會造成氣喘發作。 

 Head of Livestock Research Institute, Chen Shih Pao, implied that after the cessation(24) of plucking out poisonous weeds, the invasion speeds up. First, we have to know its eco system. He implied that "Even the goats dare not eat the poisonous weeds. Besides, we cannot just pluck it once and then leave it that way. The more important thing is the duration and comprehensiveness in eradicating those weeds." He also suggested that the weeds be buried on the spot. Based on what he knows, some people are wanting to turn those weeds into composts.(25) But he suggested that the weeds should be burned immediately once they start to blossom.

  畜試所長陳世保表示,廢農田毒草拔除後,其入侵更快,首要了解其生態;他說;毒草連羊都不吃,而且不是今天拔明天就沒事,最重持續性、全面性,他並建議就地掩埋處理,據他了解有人將開花帶回處理作成堆肥,他建議其開花時應立即集中一地點燒掉處理。

Magistrate Li declared in the conference that the work of eliminating poisonous weeds can be divided into two parts: normal elimination according to the proposal, conducted by Environmental Protection Bureau and Economic Affairs Bureau of Kinmen county; or, five towns, each takeing a turn, choose a Saturday or a Sunday to activate the administrations, schools, communities in the area and work with Environmental Protection Bureau, Kinmen Forestry Bureau, and around five to six hundred sustainable employment human resources in Kinmen County Maintenance and Repair Office to eliminate the poisonous weeds.
李縣長在會中裁示,剷除毒草之工作可分兩部份:常態性剷除,由環保局及建設局依所提簡報計畫去執行;另配合5鄉鎮,每一鄉鎮各擇一週六或週日發動轄區機關、學校、社區,加上環保局、林務所、養護工程所永續就業人力約5、6百人,全面展開除毒草運動。

 Magistrate Li suggested that other than the cooperation with the five towns, they will also call on the participation of Kinmen National Park Headquarters、Kinmen Defense Command. He also suggested that the two administrations should respectively hold several large scale activities to eliminate poisonous weeds, with the county government support. At the time of activation, the Public Health Bureau will invite all the authorities concerned to a meeting to discuss the plan and agenda.
  李縣長建議除行政系統配合5鄉鎮全力動員外,也籲請金管處、金防部共襄盛舉,也各自舉辦大規模除毒草運動,縣府將全力配合。至於,各鄉鎮的動員時間,環保局將邀集相關單位召開會議,共同研商規劃執行,敲定動員剷除實施日程,並統一處理。

■1. notorious-(adj.)惡名昭彰、聲名狼籍的。
■2. poisonous-(adj.)有毒、有害的。名詞是poison。
■3. Gypsophila paniculata-滿天星。
■4. Parthenium hysterophorus Linn-銀膠菊。
■5. Ambrosia artemisiifolia-豬草。
■6. allergic-(adj.)過敏的。名詞是allergy,過敏症。
■7. propagation-(n)宣傳、散播。
■8. eliminate-(vt.)排除、消除,消滅。名詞是elimination。
■9. eradicate-(vt.)滅絕,連根拔除,根除。
■10. disturbance-(n)騷亂,混亂。
■11. alien-(adj.)外國的,外來的,性質不相容的。
■12. infer-(vt.)推論、推測。
■13. invasion-(n)入侵、侵略,侵犯。形容詞是invasive。
■14. garrison-(n)駐軍,或指要塞、駐地。
■15. pollen-(n)花粉。
■16. jeopardize-(vt.)危及,使~瀕於危險境地。
■17. invade-(vt.)侵入、侵略,大批進入。此處用動名詞形式當形容詞。
■18. resemble-(vt.)類似,相像。
■19. pluck-(vt.)摘、拔。
■20. trigger-(vt.)觸發、引起。另常當名詞使用指「扳機」,或當動詞使用指「扣扳機」,「開槍」,「發射」。
■21. poll enosis-(n)花粉熱。
■22. rhinitis-(n)鼻炎。allergic rhinitis是過敏性鼻炎。
■23. asthma-(n)哮喘。
■24. cessation-(n)中斷,停止。
■25. compost-(n)堆肥。
資料來源:金門縣政府

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