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新聞英文解析 智利大火至少51人喪生

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作者: 麋鹿兒。
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At least 51 people were killed by forest fires in central Chile and the death toll is expected to keep rising as unusually high temperatures and droughts fan blazes across South American, authorities said on Saturday, as emergency services battled to snuff out flames threatening urban areas. The responders had managed to control 40 of some 92 fires burning Saturday across the country. The area affected by the wildfires increased from 30,000 to 43,000 hectares, or more than 106,000 acres, said Interior Minister Carolina Toha earlier in the day.

  智利中部肆虐的森林大火已造成至少51人死亡,當局週六表示,由於南美洲異常高溫和乾旱加劇大火,預計死亡人數將持續上升,緊急服務部門正在努力撲滅威脅城市地區的大火。週六,救援人員已成功控制了全國範圍內約92處正在燃燒中火災的40處。內政部長托哈當天稍早表示,受大火影響的面積從從30,000公頃增加到43,000公頃,超過106,000英畝。

toll:(n.)死亡事故或災難的總數
drought:(n.)乾旱
fan:(v.)吹(使火更旺)
blaze:(n.)大火; 火災; 火焰
battle:(v.)奮戰;對抗
snuff:(v.)消滅
flame:(n.)火焰
常見用於表示火焰的字有blaze、flame以及flare這三個單字,一般來說,flame這個單字用於簡單表示「一股火焰」或「火舌」,而如果要強調「燃燒過程的突然和迅速」就要使用flare這個單字,而blaze這個單字通常表示「火勢猛烈」,常見於新聞英文中,用來表示「大火」或「火災」。Flame若用來表示火災,則沒有blaze來得強烈。
responder:(n.)首先到達現場處理緊急事件的現場急救人員
urban:(n.)都會的;都市地區的
hectare:(n.)公頃
  
  Hillside neighborhoods surrounding the coastal resort city of Vina del Mar are among those hardest hit and rescue teams were struggling to reach all the affected areas, Chilean authorities said. The president decreed a curfew in the area to help free up routes for emergency vehicles and to allow people to evacuate. Macarena Ripamonti, the mayor of Vina del Mar, described it as an “unprecedented tragedy” and said at least 372 people are missing.
  
  智利當局表示,沿海旅遊城市比尼亞德爾馬週邊山區是受災最嚴重的地區,救援隊正在努力到達所有受影響地區。總統下令在該地區實施宵禁,以幫助騰出緊急車輛的路線並允許人們疏散。比尼亞德爾馬市長馬卡雷納·裡帕蒙蒂 (Macarena Ripamonti) 形容這是一場「前所未有的悲劇」並表示至少有 372 人失蹤。

coastal:(a.)位於海岸的;臨海的
resort:(n.)度假勝地
rescue:(n.)救援;營救
struggle:(v.)掙扎;致力於
decree:(v.)發出命令;下達政令
curfew:(n.)宵禁(尤指戰爭或政治動盪時期實行的宵禁);戒嚴
route:(n.)路線
evacuate:(v.)撤離
unprecedented:(a.)史無前例的;空前的;絕無僅有的
tragedy:(n.)悲劇

  It is believed to be Chile's deadliest forest fire on record. The housing ministry said between 3,000 and 6,000 houses were impacted by the fires. President Gabriel Boric has declared a state of emergency to combat the forest fires encroaching on coastal cities in the Valparaiso region in central Chile and said he would make "all necessary resources" available to tackle the situation. Military personnel have been deployed alongside emergency services, and the cause of the fires is being investigated.
  
  據信這是智利有史以來最致命的森林火災。住房和城鄉建設部表示,有 3,000 至 6,000 棟房屋受到火災影響。總統加布里埃爾·博里奇宣布進入緊急狀態,以撲滅侵蝕智利中部瓦爾帕萊索地區沿海城市的森林大火,並表示他將提供「所有必要的資源」來應對這種情況。軍事人員已與緊急服務人員一起部署,火災原因正在調查中。

impact:(v.)影響
最常用於表達「影響」的英文單字是affect,而influence會比較偏向是「思想上的影響」,若想要強調「對某人或某件事造成巨大的影響」則使用impact這個單字,有時候中文也會翻成「衝擊」,在政治或是商業上很常使用。
deadly:(a.)致命的
declare:(v.)宣布;宣告
combat:(v.)戰鬥
encroach:(v.)侵害
tackle:(v.)處理;對付
deploy:(v.)部署
alongside:(prep.)與…一起
investigate:(v.)調查

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