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新聞英文解析 寶林茶室中毒案

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作者: 麋鹿兒。
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Totally 31 people have now been confirmed poisoned, the health ministry updated on Sunday in the wake of a cluster of food poisonings at a location of Polam Kopitiam restaurant in Taipei’s Xinyi District. Aside from the two people who died, five are in intensive care, three are in general wards and 21 had returned home to rest, the CDC said.

  衛福部週日更新台北信義區寶林茶室中毒案最新名單,目前已經達31人。疾病管制署表示,除了兩名死者外,還有五人在加護病房,三人在普通病房,21人已回家休息。

cluster:(n.)集群
side from:(adv-phr.)除了
intensive(a.)密集的;加強的
intensive care:(n.)醫院的加護病房
ward:(n.)病房;小室
the CDC:(n.) 衛福部疾病管制署Taiwan Centers for Disease Control

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  The food poisoning outbreak occurred among people who ate at Polam Kopitam in Xinyi A13, from March 19 to 24, with most of them having eaten a stir-fried flat rice noodle dish called char kway teow. Among those who poisoned, four people have tested positive for Bongkrekic acid, further confirming that the toxin is at the center of the event.

  這起中毒事件爆發在3月19日至24日至信義A13 Polam Kopitam餐廳用餐的人群中,其中大多數人吃的是炒粿條。中毒者當中有4人檢測出米酵菌酸呈陽性,進一步證實該毒素為此次食物中毒事件的核心。

outbreak:(n.)爆發
stir-fried:(a.)炒
further:(adv.)更進一步
confirm:(v.)確認;證實
toxin:(n.)毒素

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  Bongkrek acid, a rare toxin, is produced by contamination with a bacterium, especially in fermented coconut or corn food products. On Friday, it was found in blood samples taken from eight people who had been hospitalized after dining at the restaurant, including two people who died. Bongkrek acid affects the liver, kidneys and brain. Although one of those five patients in intensive care has started to show signs of recovery. their conditions are still critical.

  罕見毒素米酵菌酸由細菌污染產生,特別是在發酵的椰子或玉米食品中。週五,在該餐廳用餐後住院的八人的血液樣本中發現了這種病毒,包括兩名死者。米酵菌酸會影響肝臟、腎臟和大腦。雖然5名重症患者中有一位有好轉的跡象,他們的狀況仍然很危急。

Bongkrek acid:(n.)米酵菌酸
  該酸毒性極強,其所引發的食物中毒具有高死亡率。小至 1–1.5 毫克的劑量就可能對人類致命。症狀包括胃腸道和神經系統症狀,重症患者會出現肝臟和腎臟等多個器官衰竭。易受米酵菌酸污染的食品主要有變質澱粉類產品,如糯米、小米、高粱米、馬鈴薯粉等,以及變質的新鮮銀耳、完全或不完全發酵的玉米與椰子製品4大類。因此,米酵菌酸可能出現在腸粉、河粉、米線、粿條、濕米粉或冬粉、久泡銀耳或木耳、涼皮以及發酵玉米麵等。
contamination:(n.)污染。
一般來說,指水、空氣或環境受到污染常使用pollution這個單字,而contamination這個字特別強調將微生物、化學藥品、有毒物質、廢棄物、廢水或其他污染物引入到水、空氣、土壤或其他介質中並且達到一定的濃度,致使這些環境不能再做既定的用途。
bacterium:(n.)細菌
fermented:(a.)發酵的
hospitalize:(v.)使住院治療
recovery:(n.)恢復
critical:(a.)重要的;關鍵性的;危急的

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  Polam Kopitam in Xinyi A13 will be fined NT$2 million (US$62,520) by Taipei City Government because its product liability insurance had expired. The Taipei Department of Health would also fine other three branches of Polam Kopitam up to NT$3 million each for not having valid product liability and public liability insurance.
  
  信義A13 的Polam Kopitam 因其產品責任保險已過期,被台北市政府處以新台幣200 萬新台幣(62,520 美元)的罰款。台北市衛生局也將對該餐廳在市內的另外3家無有效的產品責任和公眾責任保險的分店處以最高達新台幣300萬元的罰款。

liability:(n.)責任;義務
expired:(a.)過期的
branch:(n.)分公司
valid:(n.)有效的

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