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新聞英文解析 兵役延長至一年與大學3+1方案

發布日期:
作者: 麋鹿兒。
點閱率:20,461

A conscription policies returning the mandatory service period to one year are announced by President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文)."The decision is a difficult one, but as the head of the military, it is an inevitable responsibility for the continued survival of Taiwan,"she said.

總統蔡英文昨日宣布兵役恢復為一年的徵兵政策,並表示,「這個決定是艱難的,但作為軍方首長,為了台灣的存續,這是不可推卸的責任。」

*conscription:(n.)徵兵
*mandatoryservice:(n.)兵役
*inevitable:(a.)不可避免的
*survival:(n.)存活

Starting in 2024 as part of an updated national defense plan, conscription is to be restored to one year for all men born after Jan.1,2005. The starting salary for conscripts would be increased to NT$26,307 from NT$6,510 to ensure they earn enough to cover their basic daily expense; however, with the army to provide NT$5,987 to cover meals and insurance, the disposable income portion of the salary would be NT$20,320 per month.

作為更新後的國防計劃的一部分,從 2024 年開始,所有 2005 年 1 月 1 日之後出生的男性的服役時間將恢復為一年。應徵入伍者的起薪將從新台幣 6,510 元提高至新台幣 26,307 元,以確保他們的收入足以支付基本的日常開支;不過,軍方提供新台幣 5,987 元用於伙食和保險,工資中可支配收入部分為每月新台幣 20,320 元。

*restore:(v.)恢復
*conscript:(n.)應徵入伍者
*ensure:(v.)確保
*disposable:(a.)可支配的

Now that the government has extended the mandatory conscription from four months to one year , the Ministry of National Defense recently announced its "3+1" plan, which lets university students complete four years of study credits within three years so that they can use the remaining year for military service.

現在政府已將兵役制度從四個月延長為一年,國防部日前提出3+1方案,讓大學生在3年內將4年學分修完,剩餘的1年來服役。

*credit:(n.)學分
*remaining:(a.)剩餘的

By the so-called "3+1" plan which will be rolled out this year in September, the students who do their military training can complete their studies faster and finish at the same time as their peers who don't do military training and will be able to gain a bachelor's degree after three years, rather than the standard four. Under the new system, they would avoid postponing plans to enter the job market owing to the longer military service requirement.

藉由今年九月上路的3+1方案,受軍訓的學生可以較沒有受軍訓的同儕更快完成學業,並且在同時畢業,三年就可以拿到學士學位,而不是標準四年。在此新制下,將使他們能夠避免因服兵役時間延長而推遲進入就業市場的計劃。

*roll out:(v.)推出(新產品、服務等);實行(新制度);開展
*peer:(n.)同儕;同輩
*gain:(v.)得到
*bachelor's degree:(n.)學士學位
☆bachelor有單身漢的意思,但是在學位上指的是大學畢業拿到的學士學位,而碩士學位是bachelor's degree,碩士學位是Master's degree,而博士學位是doctor's degree。

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Education is in talks with local universities and colleges to develop ways to make the higher-education curriculum more flexible and has also loosened regulations relating to undergraduate studies; therefore, the conscripts can complete their required one year of service while studying.

同時,教育部與大專院校討論讓高等教育課程更為彈性的方式並且已經鬆綁畢業相關規定,這樣一來應徵入伍者可以在學習的同時完成所需的一年服務。

*now that:(adv.)既然
*curriculum:(n.)課程
*flexible:(a.)有彈性的
*loosen:(v.)放鬆;使鬆綁
*regulation:(n.)法規
*undergraduate:(n.)大學本科生
☆英文稱大學生為undergrad student 或undergraduate student,而碩士生為gradstudent 或 master's student,博士生則為PhD student。

The related policies including relaxing rules, such as raising maximum amount of study credits allowed per semester, loosening application requirements for summer school, and increasing the maximum amountsof credits allowed to be taken at partner universities will take effect in September for new freshmen.

包括提高每學期最高學分數規定、放寬暑期修課申請條件,以及增加跨校選課學分上限等鬆綁法規的相關配套將適用於今年9月開學的大一新生。
*maximum:(a.)最大值的
*application:(n.)申請
*partner university:(n.)姐妹校
*take effect:(v.)生效

The Education Ministry will subsidizeeach public tertiary institution NT$60,000 per student who choose to take on special projects relating to their military service and each private one NT$120,000 for reducing teaching costs ; universities and the colleges assisting future conscripts to create summer courseswith any resulting funding gapswould be subsidized as well.

為了減輕大學院校的教學成本,教育部將補助公立學校選擇專案服役的學生一人6萬元、私校一人12萬元。另外,協助就學役男開設的暑期課程的大專院校,經費差額也將由教育部補助。

*subsidize:(v.)補助
*take on:(v.)接受;承擔
*tertiary:(a.)高等教育的;大學教育的
*institution:(n.)機構
*fund:(n.)資金;專款;基金
*gap:(n.)落差

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