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新聞英文解析 立院再爆朝野大戰

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作者: 麋鹿兒。
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A massive brawl erupted between governing and opposition lawmakers Friday (May 17) and they scuffled with each other inside and outside the Legislative Yuan in Taipei over a vote on legislative reform bills.

  朝野立委於週五(五月十七日)在立法院內外就立法改革法案的表決爆發大規模爭吵扭打。

massive:(a.)大規模的
brawl:(n.)亂哄哄的毆鬥;鬧事;大打出手
erupt:(v.)爆發
governing:(n.)治理;執政
opposition:(n.)反對
scuffle:(v.)扭打;亂鬥
reform:(n.)改革

──────────────────  
  President-elect William Lai is to be inaugurated on Monday, but his DPP lost its majority in the legislature. The KMT holds 52 seats in the 113-seat legislature, while the TPP has 8 and the DPP has 51. The KMT has been working with the TPP to promote their mutual ideas and there are also 2 independent lawmakers who are ideologically aligned with the KMT.

  總統當選人賴清德將於週一就職,然而其所領導的民進黨失去立法院多數席位。國民黨在立院113席中佔有52席,台灣民眾黨8席,而民進黨有51席。國民黨一直在與台灣民眾黨合作推動他們的共同想法,且有2名意識形態上支持國民黨的無黨籍立委。

DPP:(n.)Democratic Progressive Party 民主進步黨,簡稱民進黨
majority:(n.)多數
KMT:(n.) Kuomintang中國國民黨,簡稱國民黨
TPP:(n.)Taiwan People’s Party 台灣民眾黨
ideologically:(adv.)意識形態上
mutual:(a.)彼此的;共同的
align:(v.)結盟;密切合作;支持

──────────────────  
  KMT and TPP lawmakers set up defensive lines outside and inside the Legislative Yuan to thwart an attempt by the DPP to launch a filibuster. They had held a vigil outside the Legislative Yuan since Wednesday (May 15) to get a head start on their DPP rivals and secure the right to propose bills first when doors opened at 7 a.m.

  國民黨和台灣民眾黨立委在立法院內外設置防線,阻止民進黨發動阻撓。自周三(5月15日)起在立法院外守夜,以搶先民進黨競爭對手,並確保早上7點開門時首先提出法案的權利。

thwart:(v.)反對;阻撓
filibuster:(n.)冗長辯論,尤指為拖延或阻止新法律的通過而發表冗長的演說
台灣稱filibuster為「費力把事拖」。廣義的filibuster,是議會中議員利用議事必須保障發言權的規則作冗長演講為主,並用各種漏洞方法輔助,通過發表超長辯論而達到拖延表決或者拖延會議進程的目的。而狹義的filibuster是議會中居於劣勢的一小部分甚至單獨一位議員,因無力否決特定法案、人事,或為達到特定政治目的時,在取得發言權後以馬拉松式演說,達到癱瘓議事、阻撓投票,逼使人數佔優的一方作出讓步的議事策略。

vigil:(n.)守夜;尤指因陪伴病人、祈禱、表達不同政見等的不眠時間
rival:(n.)對手
propose:(v.)提案

──────────────────  
  There was pushing and shoving as KMT lawmakers formed defensive walls at the rostrum to shield Han Kuo-yu, enabling him to preside over the process for raising motions, reading bills and proceed to a vote. In such chaotic scenes, lawmakers surged around the rostrum, some leaping over tables and pulling colleagues to the floor.

  國民黨立委在主席台上築起防禦牆,護住韓國瑜,讓他可以主持議案、宣讀法案、繼續議案,此舉引發推擠。在如此混亂的場面中,立委們向演講台周圍湧來,有些人跳過桌子,將同事拉到地板上。

rostrum:(n.)主席台
shove:(v.)推擠
shield:(v.)庇護
preside:(v.)主持
chaotic:(a.)混亂的
surge:(v.)陡增;湧上

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  DPP lawmakers rushed the rostrum during the interval when KMT lawmakers left it to retrieve voting cards, leading to the second wave of scuffles between the two sides. Puma Shen(DPP)falls after attempting to force his way up the rostrum to occupy the speaker’s seat. Even after the recess was announced, verbal clashes between the blue and green lawmakers continued inside the chamber. At 8pm, five lawmakers were taken to hospital.

  國民黨立委離開主席台領取選票的空檔,民進黨立委衝上主席台,雙方發生第二波混戰。民進黨立委沈伯洋在試圖強行登上議長席時跌倒。即使在宣布休會後,藍綠議員之間的言語衝突仍在會議廳內繼續進行。晚上8點五名立委送醫。

interval:(n.)間隔
retrieve:(v.)取回
recess:(n.)休會
clash:(n.)衝突
chamber:(n.)用於特定用途或官方用途的房間,此指會議廳

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  The legislative reforms would enable better oversight of the Executive Yuan, including a proposal to criminalize officials who are deemed to make false statements in the legislature, said the opposition parties. However, the DPP said the KMT and the TPP are improperly trying to force through the proposals without the customary consultation process in what it called “an unconstitutional abuse of power.”
  
  反對黨表示,立法改革將有助於更好地監督行政院,包括一項將被認為在立法院發表虛假言論的官員定罪的提案。然而民進黨認為,國民黨和台灣民眾黨以所謂「違憲濫用權力」的方式,在未經慣例協商程序的情況下試圖強行通過提案,是不恰當的。

oversight:(v.)監督
customary:(a.)慣常的;按慣例的
consultation:(n.)協議,磋商
unconstitutional:(a.)違憲的
abuse:(v.)出於個人私利的濫用

──────────────────  
  “The DPP does not want this to be passed as they have always been used to monopolizing power,”said the KMT lawmaker Jessica Chen, wearing a military-style helmet.

  戴著軍用頭盔的國民黨立委陳玉珍表示,「民進黨不希望這個法案通過,因為他們一向有壟斷權力的習慣。」
國民黨立委陳玉珍為金門籍首位女立委。
monopolize:(v.)獨佔

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